An Optimal Model for Optimizing the Placement and Parallelism of Data Stream Processing Applications on Cloud-Edge Computing

Published in SBAC-PAD 2020, 2020

Recommended citation: de Souza, Felipe Rodrigo; da Silva Veith, Alexandre; Dias de Assunção, Marcos; Caron, Eddy

[Paper] [BIBTEX]

Abstract

The Internet of Things has enabled many application scenarios where a large number of connected devices generate unbounded streams of data, often processed by data stream processing frameworks deployed in the cloud. Edge computing enables offloading processing from the cloud and placing it close to where the data is generated, thereby reducing the time to process data events and deployment costs. However, edge resources are more computationally constrained than their cloud counterparts, raising two interrelated issues, namely deciding on the parallelism of processing tasks (a.k.a. operators) and their mapping onto available resources. In this work, we formulate the scenario of operator placement and parallelism as an optimal mixed-integer linear programming problem. The proposed model is termed as Cloud-Edge data Stream Placement (CESP). Experimental results using discrete-event simulation demonstrate that CESP can achieve an end-to-end latency at least ‘ 80% and monetary costs at least ‘ 30% better than traditional cloud deployment.